Problems and the Future of the Continent” Argues That Africa’s Problems Stem from Artificial Borders

Dr. Joseph B. Rukanshagiza, a professor emeritus at The Sage Colleges in Albany and Troy, New York, has completed his new book “The African Question: Problems and the Future of the Continent”: a compelling argument that Africa’s political problems began with the formation of the African States.

Dr. Rukanshagiza shares, “The African question is a cluster of questions, which includes the following: Why have so many African countries failed to achieve economic growth, and some gone through political turmoil, such as internal wars, political fragmentation, and social unrest? Why have African nations failed to unite into a single nation, though many nationalists, especially during pre-independence period, advocated his goal? Why are some African nations waging war against one another—a case in point, Rwanda and Uganda against Congo-Zaire, Eretria and Ethiopia, and many others?

“Though there are as many answers to these questions as there are many thinkers, speculators, creditors, debtors, sympathizers, and scholars of African politics; nevertheless, there seems to be one common conclusion. That is, if the current trends in economic failures, political anarchy, and social decline continue, most of the African states in the next decade will totally cease to exist as nations in the functional sense of the term. Africa in general shall experience social miseries, which in turn shall force even the well-to-do individuals to fall to the level of their poor counterparts, and both classes shall be unable to maintain themselves economically and socially. In a number of countries, these problems have already taken place.

“Incorporated with weak politics, Africa is heading for a severe ‘political winter’ that shall virtually wipe out some countries from the family of nations. Yet this grim political agony takes place in the postcolonial period, before which nationalists inspiring to take over the colonial positions stood on firm ground and prophesied the good things to come once the Europeans were gone. Among these were economic growth, political freedom, security, justice, equality, and social progress. On the large scale, they promised to dismantle the ‘great walls of divide’ (borders) and recreated one Africa. Today, these borders have remained iron chains that tie free citizens to their dictators.”

Published by New York City-based Page Publishing, Dr. Joseph B. Rukanshagiza’s thought-provoking book provides a thorough analysis of Africa’s current political, economic, and social situation through the lens of centuries of colonial rule.

Readers who wish to experience this fascinating work can purchase “The African Question: Problems and the Future of the Continent” at bookstores everywhere, or online at the Apple iTunes store, Amazon,…

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